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XEOMIN® - Cervical Dystonia Causes and Prognosis

Adults With Cervical Dystonia

Disease
Overview
Clinical
Trials
Efficacy Safety Dosing

Characteristics

Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia1

Etiology may be primary or secondary3

Stabilization of symptoms is common but can take several years4

Quality of life effects may be significant3

Adults with cervical dystonia experience some or all of the symptoms below5:

Adult with cervical dystonia patient on Xeomin

Unlike other forms of focal dystonia, pain is often a prominent symptom1

Types of head movement

A chart displaying 4 Types of Head Movement

References

  1. Dashtipour K, Lew M. Cervical dystonia. In: Stacy MA, ed. Handbook of Dystonia. 1st ed. New York, NY: Informa Healthcare; 2007:137-154.
  2. Tarsy D. Dystonia. In: Adler CH, Ahlskog JE, eds. Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment Guidelines for the Practicing Physician. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2000:297-311.
  3. Dressler D. Clinical applications of botulinum toxin therapy. In: Dressler D, ed. Botulinum Toxin Therapy. Stuttgart, Germany: Georg Thleme; 2000:39-125.
  4. Jankovic J. Treatment of cervical dystonia. In: Brin MF, Cornella CL, Jankovic J, eds. Dystonia: Etiology, Clinical Features, and Treatment. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004:159-166.
  5. Lalli S, Albanese A. The diagnostic challenge of primary dystonia: evidence from misdiagnosis. Mov Disord. 2010;25(11):1619-1626.