What Is Adult Cervical Dystonia?

Cervical Dystonia

Definition of Cervical DystoniaDefinition of Cervical Dystonia

Affecting the neck

Uncontrollable and sometimes painful muscle spasms caused by incorrect signals from the brain

Possible Muscles Involved

Possible muscles involved in Cervical Dystonia

4 Common Types of Head Movement1

Head tilts forward (anterocollis)

Head tilts forward

(anterocollis)

Head tilts backward (retrocollis)

Head tilts backward

(retrocollis)

Head turns to the side (rotational torticollis)

Head turns to the side

(rotational torticollis)

Head tilts to the side (laterocollis)

Head tilts to the side

(laterocollis)

Symptoms1

  • Head and neck turning, tilting, or jerking
  • Head and neck shaking (spasms)
  • Neck and shoulder pain
  • Neck and shoulder stiffness

Reference

  1. Jankovic J. Treatment of cervical dystonia. In: Brin MF, Comella CL, Jankovic J, eds. Dystonia: Etiology, Clinical Features, and Treatment. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004:159-166.