What Is Pediatric Pediatric Upper Limb Spasticity?

Upper Limb Spasticity, Excluding Spasticity Caused by Cerebral Palsy

What is Pediatric Upper Limb Spasticity?

Upper Limb Spasticity

Affecting the arms, specifically the elbow, forearm, wrist, and hand muscles

Increase in muscle tension causing tightness, stiffness, or uncontrollable pull of muscles

What symptoms can be experienced by children with ULS?

In children with upper limb spasticity, muscles become overactive and tense, leading to difficulty in movement and limitations in their ability to perform daily activities.1

Children may experience symptoms like:2

  • Muscle stiffness (known as hypertonia)
  • Limited range of movement
  • Reduced ability to relax muscles
  • Muscle spasms
  • Changes in limb position
  • Pain

5 Common Patterns2

Flexed elbow

Flexed elbow

Bent wrist

Bent wrist

Pronated forearm

Pronated forearm

Clenched fist

Clenched fist

Thumb in palm

Thumb in palm

References

  1. Differential diagnosis for spasticity. NeuroRehab Resource website. http://www.neurorehabresource.org/Files/NRR_Differential_Diagnosis.pdf. Accessed November 19, 2020.
  2. Spasticity. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Spasticity. Accessed November 19, 2020.